These resources will be amended from time to time. We have found many of them to nurture our perspective that oral history can provide a critically important window into the experiences of others and a basis upon which, by utilizing our new understandings of those experiences, we may find common ground to socially construct better social environments that reduce trauma and violence. Due to copyright laws, we cannot re-distribute many of the articles listed below on a large scale; however, we will do our best to help anyone who contacts us to locate or obtain particular items.

Works Addressing Persons Connected to Death Penalty Cases

Adcock, C. (2010). “The Collateral Anti-Therapeutic Effects of the Death Penalty.” Florida Coastal Law Review, 11, 289-320.

Armour, M. (2003). “Meaning Making in the Aftermath of Homicide.” Death Studies, 27, 519-540.

Armour, M. & M. Umbreit (2007). “The Ultimate Penal Sanction and ‘Closure’ for Survivors of Homicide Victims.” 91 Marq. L. Rev. 381.

Baird, C. & McGinn E. (2004). “Re-victimizing the Victim: How Prosecutorial and Judicial Discretion Are Being Exercised to Silence Victims Who Oppose Capital Punishment.” 15 Stan. L. Pol’y Rev 447.

Beck, E., Blackwell, B., Leonard, P., & Mears, M. (2003). “Seeking Sanctuary: Interviews with Family Members of Capital Defendants. Cornell Law Review, 88, 382-418.

Beck, E. & Britto S. (2006). “Using feminist methods and restorative justice to interview capital offenders’ family members.” Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 21 (1), 59 – 70.

Beck E., Britto S., & Andrews A. (2007). In the Shadow of Death: Restorative Justice and Death Row Families. Oxford University Press.

Beck, E. & Jones, S. (2007). “Children of the Condemned: Grieving the Loss of a Father to Death Row.” Omega, 56(2), 191-215.

Bohm, R. (2012). Capital Punishment’s Collateral Damage. Carolina Academic Press.

Bohm, R. (2010). Ultimate Sanction: Understanding the Death Penalty Through Its Many Voices and Many Sides. Kaplan Publishing.

Byrd, R. (2000). “A ‘Last Hug’ Before Execution: The Case in Favor of Contact Visitation for Death Row Inmates in Texas.” Scholar: St. Mary’s Law Review on Minority Issues, 2, 249-288.

Cushing, R. & Sheffer, S. (2006). Creating More Victims: How Executions Hurt the Families Left Behind. Murder Victims’ Families for Human Rights.

Gilmore, B. and Williams, N. (2015) The Darkest Hour: Shedding Light on the Impact of Isolation and Death Row in Texas Prisons. Good Media Press.

Jones, S. & Beck, E. (2006). “Disenfranchised Grief and Nonfinite Loss as Experienced by the Families of Death Row Inmates. Omega, 54, 281-299.

Joy, S. (2014). Grief, Loss, and Treatment for Death Row Families. Lexington Books.

King, R. (2004). Capital Consequences: Families of the Condemned Tell Their Stories. Rutgers University Press.

King, R. (2005). Don’t Kill in Our Name: Family Members of Murder Victims Speak Out Against the Death Penalty. Rutgers University Press.

Lifton, R. & Mitchell, G. (2000). Who Owns Death? Capital Punishment, the American Conscience, and the End of the Death Penalty.  Morrow.

Long, W. (2010). “Trauma Therapy for Death Row Families.” Journal of Trauma & Dissociation. 12(5), 482 – 94.

Long, W. & Robertson, O. (2015). “Prison guards and the death penalty.” Prison Reform International.

Meeropol, R. (2003). An Execution in the Family: One Son’s Journey. St. Martin’s Press.

Radelet, M., Vandiver, M., and Berardo, F. (1983). “Families, Prisons, and Men with Death Sentences: The Human Impact of Structured Uncertainty.” Journal of Family Issues, 4, 593-612.

Robertson, O. and Brett, R. (June 2013). “Lightening the Load of the Parental Death Penalty on Children.” Quaker United Nations Office.

Sharp, S. (2005). Hidden Victims: The Effects of the Death Penalty on Families of the Accused. Rutgers University Press.

Sheffer, S. (2013). Fighting for Their Lives: Inside the Experience of Capital Defense Attorneys. Vanderbilt University Press.

Smykla, J. (1987). “The Human Impact of Capital Punishment: Interviews with Families of Persons on Death Row. Journal of Criminal Justice, 15, 331-347.

Stevens-Guille, M. (1999). “Intersections of Grief and Trauma: Family Members’ Reactions to Homicide.” In C. Figley (Ed.), Traumatology of Grieving: Conceptual, Theoretical, and Treatment Foundations (pp. 53-69). Philadelphia: Brunner/Mazel.

Vandiver, M. (1988). “The Impact of the Death Penalty on Families of Homicide Victims and of Condemned Persons.” In J. Acker, R. Bohm, and C. Lanier (Eds.), America’s Experiment with Capital Punishment: Reflections on the Past, Present, and Future of the Ultimate Penal Sanction (pp. 477-505). Carolina Academic Press.

Westervelt, S. D. & Cook, K. J. (2007). “Feminist research methods in theory and action: learning from death row exonerees.” Criminal Justice Research and Practice: Diverse Voices from the Field. Susan Miller (ed.) University Press of New England.

White, L. (2005). “A Tiger by the Tail: The Mother of a Murder Victim Grapples with the Death Penalty.” In Wounds That Do Not Bind: Victim-Based Perspectives on the Death Penalty. Ed. Acker, J. & Karp. D. Carolina Academic Press.

Works Addressing Human Rights and Criminal Justice

Aladjem, T. (2008). The Culture of Vengeance and the Fate of American Justice. Cambridge University Press.

Alexander, M. (2010). The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. The New Press.

Bianchi, H. (1994). Justice as Sanctuary. Wipf & Stock Publishers.

Cerna, C. (1997). “Universality of Human Rights: The Case of the Death Penalty.” ILSA Journal of International and Comparative Law, 3, 465-475.

Dershowitz, A. (2004). Rights from Wrongs: A Secular Theory of the Origins of Rights.  Basic Books.

Ferguson, R. (2014). Inferno: An Anatomy of American Punishment. Harvard University Press.

Galtung, J. (1994). Human Rights in Another Key. Polity Press.

Gregg, B. (2012). Human Rights as Social Construction. Cambridge University Press.

Gruskin, S. et al. (2005). Perspectives on Health and Human Rights. Routledge.

Jillson, C. (2012). Lone Star Tarnished: A Critical Look at Texas Politics and Public Policy. Routledge.

King, R. (2007). “No Due Process: How the Death Penalty Violates the Constitutional Rights of the Family Members of Death Row Prisoners.” Boston University Public Interest Law Journal, 16, 195-253.

Marquart, J., Ekland-Olson, S., & Sorenson, J. (1998). The Rope, The Chair, and the Needle: Capital Punishment in Texas: 1923-1990. University of Texas Press.

OHCHR (2016), Death Penalty and the Victims, UN, New York. PDF

Patterson, O. (1998). Rituals of Blood: Consequences of Slavery in Two American Centuries. Harvard University Press.

Pepinsky, H. (2006). Peacemaking: Reflections of a Radical Criminologist. University of Ottawa.

Sen, A. (2009). The Idea of Justice.  Harvard University Press.

Zehr, H. (2005). Changing Lenses: A New Focus for Crime and Justice. Herald Press.

Works Addressing Oral History and Social Construction Theory

Adkins, B.J., Taber, J.I. & Russo, A.M. (1985). The spoken autobiography: A powerful tool in group psychotherapy. National Association of Social Workers, Inc., 435 – 439.

Benjamin, W. (1986). “The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction.” Narrative, Apparatus, Ideology: A Film Theory Reader. Ed. Rosen P. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.

Briggs, C. L. (2002). “Interviewing, Power/Knowledge, and Social Inequality.” Handbook of Interview Research: Context & Method. Ed. Gubrium, F. & Holstein J.A. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, 911-922.

Cvetkovich, A. (2003) An Archive of Feelings: Trauma, Sexuality, and Lesbian Public Cultures. Series Q. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Clark, M., Bearman, P, Ellis, C. & Smith S. (2011). After the Fall: New Yorkers Remember September 2001 and the Years the Followed. The New Press.

Czajkowski, A.P. & Hooker D.A. (2011). Transforming Historical Harms: A Project of Eastern Mennonite University’s Center for Justice and Peacebuilding.

Derezotes, David S. (April, 2013). Transforming Historical Trauma through Dialogue. Narrative and Conflict: Explorations in Theory and Practice (online journal)

Farmer, P. (1997). “On Suffering and Structural Violence: A View from Below.” Social Suffering.

Ed. Kleinman A. et al. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Field, S. (2006). “Beyond ‘Healing’: trauma, oral history and regeneration. Oral History, 4 (1) Oral History and ‘Healing’? 31 – 42.

Fraas, M. R., & Calavert, M. (2007). Oral histories: bridging misconceptions and reality in brain injury recovery. Disability and Rehabilitation, 29 (18), 1449 – 1455.doi: 10.1080/09638280601102311

Friedlander, S. (1994). “Trauma, Memory, and Transference.” Holocaust Remembrance: The Shapes of Memory, Ed. Hartman G. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 252-263.

Frisch, M. (1990). A Shared Authority: Essays on the Craft and Meaning of Oral and Public History. SUNY Series in Oral and Public History. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Gergen, K. (2009). Relational Being: Beyond Self and Community. Oxford University Press.

Gregg, B. (2012). Human Rights as Social Construction. Cambridge University Press.

Grele, R. J. (1975). Ed. Envelopes of Sound: Six Practitioners Discuss the Method, Theory, and Practice of Oral History and Oral Testimony. Chicago: Precedent Publishers.

Lederach, J. (2005). The Moral Imagination: The Art and Soul of Building Peace. Oxford.

Lewis, E. (1995). “Connecting Memory, Self, and the Power of Place in African American Urban History.” Journal of Urban History 21:3, 347-371.

Liem, R. (2007). Silencing historical trauma: The policies and psychology of memory and voice. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. 13 (2), 153 – 174.

Maturana, H. & Verden-Zoller, G. (2008). The Origins of Humanness in the Biology of Love. Imprint Academic.

McCarthy, E. (2010). “’Is Oral History Good for You?’: Taking Oral History Beyond Documentation and Into a Clinical Setting: First Steps.” The Oral History Review, 37 (2), 159 – 169. doi: 10.1093/ohr/ohq094

McNamee, S. & Hosking, D. (2012). Research and Social Change: A Relational Constructionist Approach. Routledge.

Mollica, Richard F. (2006). Storytelling as a Healing Art. Healing Invisible Wounds: Paths to Hope and Recovery in a Violent World. Harcourt, Inc. 111 – 133.

Passerini, L. (2006). Memory and Utopia: The Primacy of Inter-Subjectivity. London: Equinox Publishing.

Perks, R. & Thompson, A. (1998). The Oral History Reader. Routledge.

Portelli, A. (1991). The Death of Luigi Trastulli and Other Stories: Form and Meaning in Oral History. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

Reissman, C. (2008). Narrative Methods for the Human Sciences. Sage.

Ritchie, D. (Ed., 2012). The Oxford Handbook of Oral History. Oxford University Press.

Rogers, K. L. (1999). “Lynching Stories: Family and Community Memory in the Mississippi Delta.” Trauma and Life Stories: International Perspectives, ed. Dawson G., Leydesdroff S. & Rogers K.L. New York: Routledge Press, 113-131.

Works Addressing Violence, Trauma, and Public Health

Bloom, S. L. (Ed., 2001). Violence: A Public Health Menace and a Public Health Approach. Karnac Books.

Bloom, S. L. (2001). “Commentary: Reflections on the Desire for Revenge.” Journal of Emotional Abuse, 2(4): 61-94. Available at:

Bloom, S. L. (1997). Creating Sanctuary: Toward the Evolution of Sane Societies. Routledge.

Bloom, S. L. (1996). “Every Time History Repeats Itself the Price Goes Up: The Social Reenactment of Trauma.” Sexual Addiction and Compulsivity, 3(3), 161-194. Available at:

Bloom, S. L. & Reichert, M. (1998). Bearing Witness: Violence and Collective Responsibility.  The Haworth Maltreatment and Trauma Press.

Braithwaite, J. (1989). Crime, Shame and Reintegration. Cambridge University Press.

Cross, Jr., W. (1998). “Black Psychological Functioning and the Legacy of Slavery.” In Y. Danieli (Ed.), International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma (pp. 387-400). Plenum Press.

Cvetkovich, A. (2003) “Trauma Ongoing.” In Trauma at Home After 9/11. Ed. Greenberg, J. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 60-66.

DeGruy, J. (2005). Post Traumatic Slave Syndrome: America’s Legacy of Enduring Injury and Healing. Uptone Press.

De Zulueta, F. (2001). “Editorial: Understanding the Evolution of Psychopathology and Violence.” Criminal Behavior and Mental Health, 11, 17-22.

De Zulueta, F. (2006). From Pain to Violence: The Traumatic Roots of Destructiveness. Wiley.

De Zulueta, F. (2006). “The Treatment of Psychological Trauma from the Perspective of Attachment Research.” Journal of Family Therapy, 28, 334-351.

De Zulueta, F. (2007). “Mass Violence and Mental Health: Attachment and Trauma.” International Review of Psychiatry, 19(3), 221-233.

Dulmas, C. & Wodarski, J. (2000). “Trauma-related Symptomology Among Children of Parents Victimized by Urban Community Violence.” American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70(2), 272-277.

Eth, S. & Pynoos, R. (1994). “Children Who Witness the Homicide of a Parent.” Psychiatry, 57, 287-306.

Gilligan, J. (2001). Preventing Violence. Thames & Hudson.

Gilligan, J. (1997). Violence: Reflections on a National Epidemic. Vintage Books.

Gilligan, J. (1996). Violence: Our Deadly Epidemic and Its Causes. Putnam Press.

Goffman, E. (1963). Stigma: Notes on the Management of Spoiled Identity. Simon & Schuster.

Graves, K, Kaslow, N., & Frabutt, J. (2010). “A Culturallly-Informed Approach to Trauma, Suicidal Behavior, and Overt Aggression in African American Adolescents.” Aggression and Violent Behavior, 15, 36-41.

Heide, K. & Solomon, E. (2006). “Biology, Childhood Trauma, and Murder: Rethinking Justice.” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 29, 220-233.

Herman, J. (1992). Trauma and Recovery: The Aftermath of Violence—from Domestic Abuse to Political Terror. New York: Basic Books.

Hicks-Ray, D. (2004). The Pain Didn’t Start Here: Trauma, Violence and the African American Community. TSA Communications.

Jasnow, A. & Ressler, K. (2010). “Interpersonal Violence as a Mediator of Stress-Related Disorders in Humans.” In C. Worthman, P. Plotsky, D. Schechter, & C. Cummings (Eds.), Formative Experiences: The Interaction of Caregiving, Culture, and Developmental Biology (pp. 451-462). Cambridge University Press.

Letschert, R. & Van Dijk, J. (Eds., 2011). The New Faces of Victimhood: Globalization, Transnational Crimes and Victim Rights. Springer.

Lewis, T., Amini, F., & Lannon, R. (2000). A General Theory of Love.  Random House.

Long, Walter. (2016). “The death penalty as a public health problem.” In OHCHR, Death Penalty and the Victims, UN, New York. PDF

MacNair, R. (2002). Perpetration-Induced Traumatic Stress: The Psychological Consequences of Killing. Praeger/Greenwood.

Maercker, A. & Muller, J. (2004). “Social Acknowledgment as a Victim or Survivor: A Scale to Measure a Recovery Factor of PTSD.” Journal of Traumatic Stress, 17, 345-351.

Malmquist, C. (1986). “Children Who Witness Parental Murder: Posttraumatic Aspects.” Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 25, 320-325.

McCullough, M. (2008). Beyond Revenge: The Evolution of the Forgiveness Instinct. Jossey-Bass.

Miller, L. (2009). “Family Survivors of Homicide: I. Symptoms, Syndromes, and Reaction Patterns.” American Journal of Family Therapy, 37, 67-79.

Ortiz, V., Richards, M. Kohl, K, & Zaddach, C. (2008). “Trauma Symptoms Among Urban African American Young Adolescents: A Study of Daily Experience.” Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma, 1, 135-152.

Pemberton, A. (2010). The Cross-Over: An Interdisciplinary Approach to the Study of Victims of Crime.  Maklu Press.

Perry, B. (1997). “Incubated in Terror: Neurodevelopmental Factors in the “Cycle of Violence.” In J. Osofsky (Ed.), Children, Youth and Violence: The Search for Solutions (pp. 124-148). Guilford Press.

Rich, J. (2009). Wrong Place, Wrong Time: Trauma and Violence in the Lives of Young Black Men. Johns Hopkins University Press.

Schore, A. (2000). “Attachment and the Regulation of the Right Brain.” Attachment and Human Development, 2, 23-47.

Schore, A. (2008). “Modern Attachment Theory: The Central Role of Affect Regulation in Development and Treatment.” Clinical Social Work, 36, 9-20.

Scott, K. (2000). “A Perennial Mourning: Identity Conflict and the Transgenerational Transmission of Trauma within the African American Community.” Mind and Human Interaction, 11, 11-26.

Suomi, S. & Levine, S. (1998). “Psychobiology of Intergenerational Effects of Trauma: Evidence from Animal Studies.” In Y. Danieli (Ed.), International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma (pp. 623-637). Plenum Press.

Van der Kolk, B. (1989). “The Compulsion to Repeat the Trauma: Re-Enactment, Revictimization, and Masochism.” Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 12(2), 389-411.

Van der Kolk, B. (1996). “The Body Keeps the Score: Approaches to the Psychobiology of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. In B. van der Kolk, A. McFarlane, & L. Weisaeth (Eds.), Traumatic Stress: The Effects of Overwhelming Experience on Mind, Body, and Society. Guilford Press.

Vanfraechem, I., Pemberton, A., & Ndahinda, F. (2014) Justice for Victims: Perspectives on Rights, Transition, and Reconciliation. Routledge.

Yoder, C. (2005). The Little Book of Trauma Healing: When Violence Strikes and Community Security is Threatened.  Good Books.